Effective 04/13/2003

Michael A.. Broseke, D.C. (herein referred to as "Practice") is committed to maintaining the privacy of your protected health information (PHI), which includes information about your health condition and the care and treatment you receive from the Practice. The creation of a record detailing the care and services you receive helps this office to provide you with quality health care. This Notice details how your PHI may be used and disclosed to third parties. This Notice also details your rights regarding your PHI.

Your Personal Health Information

We collect personal health information from you through treatment, payment and related healthcare. Your personal health information that is protected by law broadly includes any information, oral, written or recorded, that is created or received by us. The law specifically protects health information that contains data, such as your name, address, social security number, and others, that could be used to identify you as the individual patient who is associated with that health information.

Uses or Disclosures of Your Personal Health Information

Generally, we may not use or disclose your personal health information without your permission. Further, once your permission has been obtained, we must use or disclose your personal health information in accordance with the specific terms of that permission. The following are the circumstances under which we are permitted by law to use or disclose your personal health information.

No Consent Required

Without your consent, we may use or disclose your personal health information in order to provide you with services and the treatment you require or request, or to collect payment for those services, and to conduct other related health care operations otherwise permitted or required by law. Also, we are permitted to disclose your personal health information within and among our workforce in order to accomplish these same purposes. However, even with your permission, we are still required to limit such uses or disclosures to the minimal amount of personal health information that is reasonably required to provide those services or complete those activities. The Practice may use and/or disclose your PHI, without a written Consent from you, in the following instances:

1. Treatment: In order to provide you with the health care you require, the Practice will provide your PHI to those health care professionals, whether on the Practice's staff or not, directly involved in your care so that they may understand your health condition and needs. For example, a radiologist interpreting your advanced diagnostic imaging may need to know the results of your latest examination by this office.

2. Payment: In order to get paid for services provided to you, the Practice will provide your PHI, directly or through a billing service, to appropriate third party payers, pursuant to their billing and payment requirements. For example, the Practice may need to provide the Medicare program with information about health care services that you received from the Practice so that the Practice can be properly reimbursed. The Practice may also need to tell your insurance plan about treatment you are going to receive so that it can determine whether or not it will cover the treatment expense.

3. Health Care Operations: In order for the Practice to operate in accordance with applicable law and insurance requirements and in order for the Practice to continue to provide quality and efficient care, it may be necessary for the Practice to compile, use and/or disclose your PHI. For example, the Practice may use your PHI in order to evaluate the performance of the Practice's personnel in providing care to you.

4. De-identified Information: Information that does not identify you and, even without your name, cannot be used to identify you.

5. Business Associate: To a business associate if the Practice obtains satisfactory written assurance, in accordance with applicable law, that the business associate will appropriately safeguard your PHI. A business associate is an entity that assists the Practice in undertaking some essential function, such as a billing service that assists the office in submitting claims for payment to insurance companies or other payers.

6. Personal Representative: To a person who, under applicable law, has the authority to represent you in making decisions related to your health care.

7. Emergency Situations: a) For the purpose of obtaining or rendering emergency treatment to you provided that the Practice attempts to obtain your Consent as soon as possible; or b) to a public or private entity authorized by law or by its charter to assist in disaster relief efforts, for the purpose of coordinating your care with such entities in an emergency situation.

8. Communication Barriers: If, due to substantial communication barriers or inability to communicate, the Practice has been unable to obtain your Consent and the Practice determines, in the exercise of its professional judgement, that your Consent to receive treatment is clearly inferred from the circumstances.

9. Public Health Activities: Such activities include, for example, information collected by a public health authority, as authorized by law, to prevent or control disease.

10. Abuse, Neglect or Domestic Violence: To a government authority if the Practice is required by law to make such disclosure. If the Practice is authorized by law to make such a disclosure, it will do so if it believes that the disclosure is necessary to prevent serious harm.

11. Health Oversight Activities: Such activities, which must be required by law, involve government agencies and may include, for example, criminal investigations, disciplinary actions, or general oversight activities relating to the community's health care system.

12. Judicial and Administrative Proceeding: For example, the Practice may be required to disclose your PHI in response to a court order or a lawfully issued subpoena.

13. Law Enforcement Purposes: In certain instances, your PHI may have to be disclosed to a law enforcement official for the purpose of identifying or locating a suspect, fugitive, material witness, or missing person, or reporting crimes in emergencies, or reporting a death.
14. Coroner or Medical Examiner: The Practice may disclose your PHI to a coroner or medical examiner for the purpose of identifying you or determining your cause of death.

15. Avert a Threat to Health or Safety: The Practice may disclose your PHI if it believes that such disclosure is necessary to prevent or lessen a serious and imminent threat to the health or safety of a person or the public and the disclosure is to an individual who is reasonably able to prevent or lessen the threat.

16. Workers' Compensation: If you are involved in a Workers' Compensation claim, the Practice may be required to disclose your PHI to an individual or entity that is part of the Workers' Compensation system.

17. Military and Veterans: If you are a member of the armed forces, the Practice may disclose your PHI as required by the military command authorities.

18. Correctional Institutions and other law enforcement custodial situations.

Appointment Reminders and Personal Communications

The Practice may contact you to provide appointment reminders by telephoning your home and leaving a message on your answering machine or with the individual answering the phone. The Practice may, from time to time, contact you via mail with thank-you letters, recall and special occasion cards and information about treatment alternatives or other health-related benefits and services that may be of interest to you.


The Practice may disclose to your family member, other relative, a close personal friend or any other person identified by you, your PHI directly relevant to such person's involvement with your care or the payment of your care. The Practice may also use or disclose your PHI to notify or assist in the notification (including identifying or locating) a family member, a personal representative or another person responsible for your care, of your location, general condition or death. However, in both cases, the following conditions will apply:

1. If you are present at or prior to the use or disclosure of your PHI, the Practice may use or disclose your PHI if you agree, or if the Practice can reasonably infer from the circumstances, based on the exercise of its professional judgement, that you do not object to the use or disclosure.

2. If you are not present, the Practice will, in the exercise of professional judgement, determine whether the use or disclosure is in your best interests and, if so, disclose only the PHI that is directly relevant to the person's involvement with your care.


Except as otherwise permitted or required, as described above, we may not use or disclose your personal health information without your written authorization. Further, we are required to use or disclose your personal health information consistent with the terms of your authorization. You may revoke your authorization to use or disclose any personal health information at any time, except to the extent that we have taken action in reliance on such authorization.

Your Rights

You have the right to:

1. Request restrictions on certain use and/or disclosure of your PHI as provided by law. However, the Practice is not obligated to agree to any requested restrictions. To request restrictions, you must submit a written request to the Practice's Privacy Officer. In your written request, you must inform the Practice of what information you want to limit, whether you want to limit the Practice's use or disclosure, or both, and to whom you want the limits to apply. If the Practice agrees to your request, the Practice will comply with your request unless the information is needed in order to provide you with emergency treatment.

2. Receive confidential communications or PHI by alternative means or at alternative locations. You must make your request in writing to the Practice's Privacy Officer. The Practice will accommodate all reasonable requests.

3. Inspect and copy your PHI as provided by law. To inspect and copy your PHI, you must submit a written request to the Practice's Privacy Officer. The Practice can charge you a fee for the cost of copying, mailing or other supplies associated with your request. In certain situations that are defined by law, the Practice may deny your request, but you will have the right to have the denial reviewed as set forth more fully in the written denial notice.

4. Amend your PHI as provided by law. To request an amendment, you must submit a written request to the Practice's Privacy Officer. You must provide a reason that supports your request. The Practice may deny your request if it is not in writing, if you do not provide a reason in support of your request, if the information to be amended was not created by the Practice (unless the individual or entity that created the information is no longer available), if the information is not part of your PHI maintained by the Practice, if the information is not part of the information you would be permitted to inspect and copy, and/or if the information is accurate and complete. If you disagree with the Practice's denial, you will have the right to submit a written statement of disagreement.

5. Receive an accounting of disclosures of your PHI as provided by law. To request an accounting, you must submit a written request to the Practice's Privacy Officer. The request must state a time period, which may not be longer that six (6) years and may not include dates before April 14, 2003. The request should indicate in what form you want the list (such as paper or electronic copy). The first list you request within a twelve (12) month period will be free, but the Practice may charge you for the cost of providing additional lists. The Practice will notify you of the costs involved and you can decide to withdraw or modify your request before any costs are incurred.

6. Receive a paper copy of this Privacy Notice from the Practice upon request to the Practice's Privacy Officer.

7. Complain to the Practice or to the Secretary of HHS if you believe your privacy rights have been violated. To file a complaint with the Practice, you must contact the Practice's Privacy Officer. All complaints must be in writing.

8. To obtain more information on, or have your questions about your rights answered, you may contact the Practice's Privacy Officer, Michael A. Broseke, D.C., 317 E. Carrol St., Kenton, Ohio 43326-1539 419-673-1163

Practice's Requirements

The Practice:

1. Is required by federal law to maintain the privacy of your PHI and to provide you with this Privacy Notice detailing the Practice's legal duties and privacy practices with respect to your PHI. The Practice adheres to Ohio law in those instances where Ohio law does not conflict with federal law.

2. Is required to abide by the terms of this Privacy Notice.

3. Reserves the right to change the terms of this Privacy Notice and to make the new Privacy Notice provisions effective for all of your PHI that it maintains.

4. Will not retaliate against you for filing a complaint.